# Data

**Data** are a set of values for variables about one or more objects or events. A single value of a single variable is a **datum**, which can be thought of as the fundamental unit of **information** which is data put into some useful context.

## Deeper Knowledge on Data

### Data Science

The scientific method applied to data analysis

### Data Teams

The make up and measures of effective data teams

### Data Mining

A guide to finding patterns and relationships in data

### Databases

Organized collections of structured data

### Information

Data put into useful context

### Research

The systematic process of gathering data to establish facts

### Semi-Structured Data

Data that partially adheres to a schema

### Statistical data types

Types of data used in statistics: Numerical/quantitative, categorical/qualitative, and ordinal

### Structured Data

Data that strictly adheres to a schema

### Unstructured Data

Data without a pre-defined or easily derivable format

## Broader Topics Related to Data

### Computer Science

The study of algorithms, data structures, information, and computation